Bridger Teton Backcountry Avalanche Forecast Center Bridger Teton Avalanche Center

PUBLICATIONS AND PAPERS

Publications

Avalanche Hazard Mitigation Techniques

Comey, R.H., Elkins, J., and McCollister, C, 2014. A Comparison of Avalanche Hazard Methodologies. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, Banff, Alberta.

Comey, R.H., Elkins, J., McCollister, C., and Rheam, M., 2008. A Practical Use of Historic Data to Mitigate Worker Exposure to Avalanche Hazard. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, British Columbia.

Livingood, C. Kanzler, J. and Elkins, J. 1990 The Use Of Large Explosive Charges For Avalanche Hazard Reduction. Proceedings of the 1990 International Snow Science Workshop, Big Fork, MT

Avalanche Rescue

Livingood, C. and Elkins, J. 1992 Drew's Slide: A Case Study of Computer Use in the Jackson Hole Avalanche Forecast Office. Proceedings of the 1992 International Snow Science Workshop, Breckenridge, CO

Ski and Backcountry Operations

Wright, P.J., Comey, R.H., McCollister, C., and Rheam, M. 2016. Estimation of New Snow Density Using 42 Seasons of Meteorological Data from Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Wyoming

Comey, R.H., and Peck, C., 2013. Using Google Map Applicartion Programming to Communicate Avalanche Hazard from Multiple Avalanche Centers. Proceedings of the International Snow Workshop, Grenoble, France.

Comey, R.H., McCollister, C. and Peck,C., 2010. Web Based Display of Avalanche Events Using Google Map Application Programming. Proceedings of the International Snow Workshop, Squaw Valley, CA.

Comey, R.H., and McCollister, C., 2009. Evolving Public Uses and the General Avalanche Forecast. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Davos, Switzerland.

Comey, R.H., and McCollister, C., 2008. Avalanche Hazard Mapping For Snowmobiles and Other Winter Trail Users. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, British Columbia.

Comey, R.H. 1996 Alpine Touring Access Management on Public Lands in Avalanche terrain. Proceedings of the 1996 International Snow Science Workshop, Banff, Alberta, Canada. 203-206

Slab Characteristics


Wright, P.J., Comey, R.H., McCollister, C., and Rheam, M. 2016. Deep Slab Instability: Loading, Temperature and Settlement Rate Thresholds Related to Failure - Part II

Comey, R.H., and McCollister, C., 2008. Deep Slab Instability Characterizing the Phenomena Part 1. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, British Columbia.

Kozak, M., K. Elder, K. Birkeland and P. Chapman. Variability of snow layer hardness by aspect and prediction using meteorological factors. Cold Reg. Sci. Tech. 37(3), 357-371. [View Abstract]

Kozak, M., K. Elder, K. Birkeland, and P. Chapman. 2002. Predicting snow layer hardness with meteorological factors. Proceedings of the 2002 International Snow Science Workshop, Penticton, BC, Canada, 329-336.

Kozak, M., K. Elder, K. Birkeland, C. Chapman. 2002. Investigating the relationship between slab hardness and the stuffblock stability test. The Avalanche Review, 21(2), 12-13.

Kozak, M., K. Elder, and K. Birkeland. 2000. The spatial and temporal variability of slab hardness. Proceedings of the 2000 International Snow Science Workshop, Big Sky, Montana, 115-120.


Geographical Information Systems

McCollister, C., and Comey, R.H., 2009. Using LiDAR (Light Distancing And Ranging) Data to More Accurately Describe Avalanche Terrain.Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Davos, Switzerland.

McCollister, C., 2008. GeoWAX.Net (Geographic Weather and Avalanche eXplorer), An Extension to ArcGIS 9.2 . Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, British Columbia.

McCollister, C. and K.W. Birkeland. 2006. Using geographic information systems for avalanche work. [Large File! - 14 MB] The Avalanche Review, Vol. 24, No. 4

McCollister, C., K. Birkeland, K. Hansen, R. Aspinall, R. Comey. Exploring multi-scale spatial patterns in historical avalanche data, Jackson Hole Mountain Resort, Wyoming. Cold Reg. Sci. Tech. 37(3), 299-313. [View Abstract]

McCollister, C.M. 2004. Geographic knowledge discovery techniques for exploring historical weather and avalanche data. M.S. Thesis, Department of Earth Sciences, Montana State University. 106 pp.

McCollister, C., K. Birkeland, K. Hansen, R. Aspinall, R. Comey. 2002. A probabilistic technique for exploring multi-scale spatial patterns in historical avalanche data by combining GIS and meteorological nearest neighbors with an example from the Jackson Hole Ski Area, Wyoming. Proceedings of the 2002 International Snow Science Workshop, Penticton, BC, Canada, 109-116.

McCollister, C., K. Birkeland, K. Hansen, and R. Aspinall. 2000. Using GIS to visualize historical avalanche data. Proceedings of the 2000 International Snow Science Workshop, Big Sky, Montana, 439.


Infrasonic Detection of Avalanches

Yount, J., Naisbitt, A., and Scott E. D., 2008 Operational Highway Avalanche Forecasting Using the Infrasonic Avalanche Detection System Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop, Whistler, British Columbia.

Scott, E.D. Hayward, C.T. Colgan, T. J. Hamann, J.C. Kubichek, R.F. Pierre, J.W. and Yount, J. 2006 Pratical Implementation of Avalanche Infrasound Monitoring Technology For Operational Utilization Near Teton Pass, Wyoming. Submitted for publication in the proceedings of the 2006 international Snow science Workshop.

Scott, E.D. Hayward C.T. Kubichek, R.F. Hamann, J.C. Pierre, J.W. Comey R.H. and Mendenhall T. 2004 Single and Multiple Sensor Identification of Avalanche-Generated Infrasound Accepted for publication by Elsevier in the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop Special Issue of the Colde regions of Science and technology Journal.

Scott, E.D. Hayward, C.T. Kubichek, R.F. Hamann, J.C. and Pierre, J.W. 2004 Results of Recent Infrasound Avalanche Monitoring Studies. Proceedings of the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop, Teton Village, Wyoming, 696-704

Comey, R.H. and Mendenhall, T. 2004 Recent Studies Using Infrasound Sensors To Remotely Monitor Avalanche Activity. Proceedings of the 2004 International Snow Science Workshop, Teton Village, Wyoming, 640-646

Scott, E. and Hayward, C. 2003 Avalanche-Generated Infrasound Signals. American Geophysical Union Fall 2003 Meeting.

Scott, E. D. and Lance, C. 2002 Infrasonic Monitoring of Avalanche Activity. Proceedings of the 2002 International Snow Science Workshop, Penticton, BC, Canada, 19-24